Famous Kansas women title

Herstory: 10 famous Kansas women

Take note of 10 famous Kansas women

Well-behaved women rarely make history. — Laurel Thatcher Ulrich

Amelia Earhart is the most famous Kansas woman. She was such an icon that Apple included her in the first set of their Think Different advertising campaign posters. In 1999, the Kansas Legislature voted to install Earhart’s statue in the US Capitol’s Statuary Hall. Unfortunately, fundraising and bureaucratic obstacles have prevented her installation in the Capitol.

This herstory includes more well-known Kansas women. The list includes activist Susan B. Anthony and Academy Award winner Hattie McDaniel, the first Black woman to win an Oscar. But it also includes less-famous women that you should know.

Famous Kansas women: The Amazon Army
Thousands of women marched to support miners in 1921. (Kansas Memory)

A determined group of famous Kansas women: The Amazon Army

“There was absolutely no fear in these women’s hearts. Like the lion, they would face and fight anything bare-handed.” — Mary Skubitz


In 1921, Southeast Kansas miners went out on strike. The national miner’s union had deposed Kansas miner’s union chief Alexander Howat. The Court of Industrial Relations had jailed him.

In the cold of December, women met at the Franklin Union Hall, now the Miners Hall Museum. They condemned the national union and “industrial slavery” and planned their strategy. The next morning, thousands of miners’ wives, mothers, and sisters marched from coal camp to coal camp to protest.

They marched for three days. Some were pregnant. Some carried their babies and toddlers. The media derided them as the Amazon Army — a rabble of foreigners and Communists. The miners called them heroes.

While marching, they carried buckets filled with red pepper flakes, which they tossed at strikebreakers’ eyes. To show they were patriotic citizens, they carried large American flags and sang patriotic songs.

Such women’s activism was shocking at the time, and many condemned the marchers. Forty-nine of the marchers, including Mary Skubitz, went to jail. But eventually, labor reform came.

Kubitz’s son, Congressman Joe Skubitz, later was instrumental in passing mine health and safety legislation.

Wayne Wildcat painted a mural of the marchers. It hangs in the Pittsburg Public Library. Learn more about Kansas mining in Galena, on Kansas Route 66.

Susan B. Anthony, one of the famous Kansas women
Susan B. Anthony sometime after 1880 (Library of Congress)

Susan B. Anthony, a fighter for women’s rights

Cautious, careful people, always casting about to preserve their reputations … can never effect a reform. — Susan B. Anthony

Daniel Read (D.R.) Anthony moved to Leavenworth in June 1857, where he founded a newspaper.

His younger sister, Susan Brownell Anthony, frequently visited her brother. In 1865, she moved to Leavenworth for several months to help during her sister-in-law’s pregnancy. She also helped edit the paper.

That August, she spoke about extending the vote to Black men. Anthony was one of the foremost supporters of women’s rights, but men muzzled her about that topic. She also complained that her brother would not let her report about Black men’s rights, either. He wanted to avoid controversy, she said.

Sick of the silencing, she returned to the family home in New York. She continued to travel the country, speaking about women’s rights, including in Leavenworth.

From 1869, she annually lobbied Congress for a women’s suffrage amendment. She was unsuccessful.

Anthony House on Leavenworth's walking trails
Leading suffragist Susan B. Anthony stayed here with her brother, Daniel Anthony.

In 1875, Susan returned to live in Leavenworth. A rival editor had shot D.R., the second time a rival editor had shot him. (So much for avoiding controversy.) She tended him for nine weeks.

When Susan died in 1906, women could vote in only four states, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and Idaho. Fourteen years after she died, the states ratified the 19th Amendment, enshrining women’s right to vote in the Constitution. Three years later, Anthony’s nephew, D.R. Anthony, Jr., introduced the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) on the floor of the U.S. House. However, the ERA fell short of ratification.

Olive Ann Beech, famous Kansas women
Olive Ann Beech (San Diego Air and Space Museum/Wikimedia Commons)

Olive Ann Beech, the First Lady of Aviation

“Talent is where you find it. It is no respecter of men or women, young or old.” — Olive Ann Beech

In 1950, this famous Kansas woman became the first woman president of a Fortune 500 company. But Olive Ann had been innovating in aviation before she became the Beech Aircraft Company’s head. Despite the Great Depression, Olive Ann and Herschel Beech started the company in Wichita. She handled the company’s business affairs while her husband designed the airplanes.

During World War II, the company employed almost 14,000 workers. Walter died in 1950, and the board elected Olive Ann as president. She served for 20 years, and sales tripled.

Wichita Air Capital logo
The Kansas Aviation Museum preserves artifacts and records from Beechcraft and other Wichita aviation companies.

She was the first woman to earn the National Aeronautic Association’s Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy. The Kansas Aviation Museum started the Kansas Aviation Hall of Fame in 1986 with a class of one, Olive Ann Beech. The National Aviation Hall of Fame had enshrined her in 1973.

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka plaintiffs
Four of the five Brown v. Board of Education lead plaintiffs’ children, Linda Brown Smith (seated left), Ethel Louise Belton Brown, Harry Briggs, Jr., and Spottswood Bolling, Jr., during a 1964 press conference. (Library of Congress)

A famous anti-segregation warrior: Linda Brown Thompson

“I was so sure that I was going to go to school with … all of my playmates.” — Linda Brown Thompson

The Rev. Oliver Brown walked with his daughter Linda to Sumner Elementary School in Topeka to ask for admission. Monroe Elementary, the school for Black children, was much further away than Sumner, but the principal told the Browns that Linda had to attend Monroe. Solely because she had black skin.

Unlike many Southern schools, Topeka’s Black schools offered good educations. But segregation still branded Black children as lesser beings.

The Browns joined the NAACP’s lawsuit against segregation. In 1954, when Linda was attending an integrated junior high, the Supreme Court decided that segregation was inherently unequal.

Linda Brown Thompson became a teacher and public speaker. In 1979, she joined an NAACP lawsuit alleging that Topeka schools’ integration was incomplete. The district did not complete a new integration plan until 1993.

Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site
Monroe Elementary, formerly a Topeka school for Black children, is now the Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site.

On May 17, 2004, President George W. Bush spoke at the Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site’s grand opening, 12 years after his father, President George H.W. Bush, had signed the legislation creating the site.

The most famous of Kansas women, Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart stands beneath the nose of her Lockheed Electra. (Library of Congress)

Amelia Earhart, the most famous of Kansas women

“You can do anything you decide to do.” — Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart’s grandmother disapproved of her granddaughter’s childhood activities. Earhart rode imaginary horses, climbed trees, and hunted. She even built a roller coaster on the roof. Her unconventional activities were signs of the woman she would become.

Amelia Earhart Birthplace
Amelia Earhart, the famed aviator, grew up in Atchison. Her childhood home is now a museum.

In 1920, she took a plane ride at an airshow. She was hooked. Two years later, she set an unofficial altitude record. She became a star after she flew across the Atlantic — as a passenger. In 1932, she was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic. She continued to set solo flight endurance marks until 1937. That year, she attempted to fly around the world at its “waistline,” the equator. She and navigator Fred Noonan flew 22,000 miles before they disappeared over the Pacific Ocean. Rumors about their fate have circulated for decades, but a court declared her legally dead in 1939.

Atchison honors its most famous daughter at her birthplace museum, in the planned hangar museum, with a festival, a forest, an earthwork, an airport, and a bridge across the Missouri River. The National Aviation Hall of Fame enshrined Earhart in 1968. The Kansas Aviation Hall of Fame enshrined her in its third class in 1988.

Tammy Hammond, a noteworthy Kansas woman
Kansas Department of Commerce Secretary David Toland presented Tammy Hammond, executive director for Rosewood Services, the 2019 Woman-Owned Business of the Year in the Service Industry. (Kansas Department of Commerce)

Tammy Hammond, celebrating the developmentally disabled’s successes

“A culture of respect for others is the foundation for growth.” — Tammy Hammond

A few years ago, I won a large basket full of goodies at the Kansas Tourism Conference from the Great Bend Convention & Visitors Bureau. The basket held wine, chocolate, preserves, salsas, and other delightful products. When we tried them, we were impressed with their quality. And then we learned that developmentally disabled people had made the products.

My husband has worked with developmentally disabled individuals for many years. To see them excel touched us both with pride and gratitude.

Rosewood Vineyard
Picking grapes at Rosewood Vineyards (Rosewood Services)

Rosewood Services has several programs: The Rosewood Horse Ranch, Rosewood Furniture Gallery, E-Cycling, Studio, The Bargain Bin, Rosewood Winery, Wine Cellar, and the Greenhouse and Gardens.

When I visited Great Bend, I asked to tour Rosewood. What a great experience! I saw the individuals working at tasks they obviously enjoyed, assembling and finishing beautiful furniture, preparing packaged food, caring for horses, and more.

All of the facilities were beautiful, including the Bargain Bin thrift store. It looks more like a high-end boutique than a thrift store.

Famous Kansas women, Hattie McDaniel
Hattie McDaniel won the first Academy Award ever given to a Black woman.

Hattie McDaniel, the most famous Kansas Black woman

“I’d rather play a maid and make $700 a week than be a maid and make $7.” — Hattie McDaniel

Born in Wichita, Hattie McDaniel was the first Black woman to receive an Academy Award, but her award came with a steep cost. She played Mammy in the 1939 film “Gone with the Wind.” Because of segregation, she could not attend the movie’s Atlanta premiere. At the Oscar ceremony in a segregated hotel, she had to sit at a table in the corner far away from the stage. Black audiences were uncomfortable with her performance as a domestic servant who would not leave her former owner. The movie studios refused to cast her in other roles beyond a servant.

Undaunted, she continued her career in other venues. In 1947, she was the first Black actor to star in her own radio program, The Beulah Show. She replaced a White male actor.

In 1952, she died. She wanted to be buried in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery, but the cemetery rejected a Black woman’s remains.

She has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one each for radio and the movies. In 1975, she was inducted into the Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame and, in 2006, was the first Black Oscar winner on a postage stamp.

The Kansas African American Museum, honoring famous Black Kansas women
The Kansas African-American Museum in Wichita, near Hattie McDaniel’s childhood home.

In 2020, The Kansas African-American Museum (TKAAM) enshrined this famous Kansas woman in their Hall of Fame. A few months later, TKAAM, the City of Wichita, and KMUW-TV installed a marker at her Wichita home, 925 N. Wichita St.

Jennifer McDonald, vintner extraordinare
Jennifer McDonald, vintner extraordinaire (Jenny Dawn Cellars)

Jennifer McDonald: Kansas wine trailblazer

“I want to show agriculture and the wine industry as a viable career field for young people of color.” — Jennifer McDonald

Jennifer McDonald planned her entry into winemaking for six years. She earned a master’s degree in agribusiness from Kansas State University. To learn which wines to make, she hosted numerous tasting groups, tracking wine and demographic preferences. She still teaches “Wineucation” classes each month.

In 2017, the Young Professionals of Wichita presented her the Innovations and Enterprise Award. The Wichita Business Journal named her one of Wichita’s top 40 people in business under age 40 for 2018.

Jenny Dawn Cellars, Wichita
Delicious wines from Jenny Dawn Cellars

She saw that Wichita lacked urban wineries, and she planted fruit in the city. In 2019, she opened her urban winery in Downtown Wichita.

We love her wine, and talking with McDonald is educational, both about business and wine.

Add Jennifer McDonald to your list of famous Kansas women.

Eva Morley Murphy, a famous Kansas woman
Eva Morley Murphy was the second woman to run for Congress.

Eva Morley Murphy, a crusader for good causes

“The fact that I am a woman, wife, and mother will aid me, and not hinder, in … helping to secure more equitable laws for all the people of our great country.” — Eva Morley Murphy

During the Progressive Era, Goodland’s Eva Morley Murphy belonged to every reform organization that allowed women. She chaired many of those organizations. Among other achievements, her work enabled Goodland to enjoy a library. But in 1913, she sought membership in one of the nation’s most exclusive clubs, the U.S. House of Representatives.

Goodland Carnegie Arts Center
With Eva Morley Murphy’s help, the Carnegie Arts Center was originally built in 1913 as a Carnegie library.

While the nation would not allow all women to vote for another seven years, Kansas women had won the right to vote in 1912.

With women newly eligible to vote, Morley Murphy hoped that women voters would sweep her to victory. Her energetic campaigning won the media’s respect, but she finished third in a four-person race.

She did not allow defeat to stop her. Instead, she continued working for the causes she held dear.

Carry A. Nation in jail
Carry A. Nation in a jail cell (Marion Doss)

Carry Nation, more than a caricature

I felt invincible.… I smashed five saloons with rocks before I ever took a hatchet. — Carry Nation

Carry Nation earned fame — and infamy — from her “hatchetations.” An intimidating figure, she stood six feet tall and dressed in black with a white bow at her neck. The bow symbolized Prohibition.

She started attacking saloons in 1894. Kansas had enacted Prohibition in 1881, but the laws often were unenforced. Nation wanted to change that. In 1900, she smashed at least six bars in Kiowa with bricks. A marker near Highway 2 and S. Sixth St. marks Nation’s attack.

She attacked saloons not just because she hated alcohol but also loathed domestic violence and poverty that often attended alcoholics. Her first husband, Charles Gloyd, died from alcohol-related issues.

Carry Nation sculpture in Wichita
Carry Nation stands in front of the former Hotel Carey, now Urban Interiors. (Visit Wichita)

On Dec. 27, 1900, Nation led other women to the Hotel Carey, 517 E. Douglas, Wichita. She smashed the bar with a hatchet, her first time using her trademark destruction tool.

But in Topeka, she changed tactics. She talked to the bar owners, charming them from behind their barricades. But her charm offensive didn’t last. Two weeks later, Nation and her “Home Defenders” smashed Topeka’s Senate Saloon.

Carry Nation's miniature hatchet
Carry Nation sold these miniature hatchets to fund her anti-alcohol crusade.

The hatchetations gave Nation an international reputation. She toured the nation as a public speaker, selling miniature hatchets. They also cost her 30 stints in jail and a divorce. David Nation said she had deserted him.

The end of hatchitations

In 1901, Nation stopped hatchitating. Instead, she edited a newsletter and toured the world as a public speaker. In March, she visited Leavenworth. Fernandino Mella of the National Hotel escorted her around Leavenworth. All the bars had closed. After she went to her second-floor hotel room, Mella opened the hotel’s first-floor saloon. Business was good since many people had come to see the famous Kansas woman.

Nation had 10 years left to fight alcohol. She died at a Leavenworth sanitarium in 1911, eight years before Prohibition became a constitutional amendment. The nation repealed Prohibition in 1933, and the state repealed it in 1948.

Carry Nation port bottle
The Carry A. Nation Home in Medicine Lodge displays numerous Nation-themed memorabilia items, including this mocking port bottle.

Nation’s home in Medicine Lodge went on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.

Let us now emulate famous Kansas women

The best way to honor famous Kansas women is to emulate them. Don’t settle for the way things are. Be an agent for positive change.

More to explore

Leavenworth and Great Bend are two of the 12 best places to visit in Kansas.

 

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